Monday, 30 January 2012

Films that are currently available in the UK for cameras

I originally wrote this article in 2012 and updated it in 2013. That is three years ago and it is now very out of date. I have completely researched the availability of photographic film in the UK from scratch and shall now present the results of that research. Although I have tried to be diligent, there may be errors here and if you see any I would appreciate knowing about them.

I am leaving the old article below in blue for interest sake. As well as information about the films, there is some peripheral information about the makers which might be of interest.

The films I list are either available in physical shops in Lincoln or are available over the Interweb in the UK. I make no comment about the situation in other countries. The lists are in two parts - first monochrome films (because I prefer them) and then colour films. I have not bothered to put them in alphabetical order, I'm afraid. You will just have to read through the lists to see if the film you want is available.

As well as the make and type of film, I am noting the sizes it is available in. This will be a selection of 16 mm, 35 mm, 120 and 110.  'bulk' refers to 35 mm film in 17 m or 30 m lengths for loading your own cassettes.



Monochrome films


Make film name size

Rollei Ortho 25 35


80S 35
120

400S 35
120

Infrared 400 35
120

RPX 100 35


RPX 25 35


RPX 400 35


Superpan 200 35

Ilford Delta 100 35 bulk 120

Delta 400 35
120

Delta 3200 35
120

FP4+ 35 bulk 120

HP5+ 35 bulk 120

Pan F+ 35 bulk 120

SFX 200 35
120

XP2 35
120
Kodak Tri-X 320 35


Tri-X 400 35
120

T-max 100 35
120

T-max 400 35
120
Fujifilm Neopan 400CN 35
120

Neopan Acros 35

Foma Fomapan 100 35 bulk 120

Fomapan Creative 200 35 bulk 120

Fomapan 400 35 bulk 120

Retropan 320 35

Adox CMS 20 35
120

CHS 100 II 35


Silvermax 100 35


Scala 160 35

Fotoimpex CHM 100 35


CHM 400 35

Kono! Reanimated 100 35


Rekorder 100-200 35

Kentmere 100 35


400S 35

Agfa APX 100 35 bulk

APX 400 35 bulk
Rerepan Rerepan 100 127

Bergger BRF 400T 35

Cinestillfilm 50 35


800 35

Spur DSK 50 35

Lomography Earl Grey 35
120

Lady Grey 35
120
















Colour films


Make film name size

Agfa Vista 200 35


Vista+ 400 35


Precisia 100 35

Rollei CR200 35
120

Crossbird 35
120
Kono! 125t 35


400T 35


400CN 35

Fujifilm C200 35


Pro 160NS

120

Pro 400H 35
120

Provia 100F 35
120

Superia X-tra 800 35


Superia 1600 35


Velvia 50 35
120

Velvia 100 35
120

Superia 200 35


Superia X-tra 400 35

Kodak Colorplus 200 35


Ektar 100 35
120

Gold 200 35


Gold 400 35


Portra 160

120

Portra 400

120

Portra 800

120
Lomography 100 35
120

400 35
120

800 35
120

X Pro 200 35


Lobster
110

Tiger
110

Peacock
110

Orca
110

Redscale XR 50-200 35
120

Purple XR 100-400 35 16mm 120

X Pro slide 200

120











Instant film


Make film name


Fujifilm FP100C



Instax


Impossible to fit Polaroid 600



colour and monochrome












ORIGINAL ARTICLE FROM 2013

I am updating this article on 23 December 2013 with the films I can find for sale today.  Those films I mentioned in the original article that I can no longer find for sale are in blue type.  Films in black type are available.

Having purchased all these old film cameras that I am writing about, I want to use them.  In Lincoln where I live, films are much harder to buy than they were a few years ago, and much harder to get developed.  There are two places in Lincoln that will develop C41 films on the premises but for good old fashioned black and white film you either need the patience to send them away to be developed or to develop them yourself.  I develop my own 35 mm films but 120 films are beyond me and I need to send them away. If you would like to develop your own films, it is worth a look here: The Massive Development Chart

Before you can develop the films, indeed, before you can take the pictures with the film, you must first buy the film.  I thought it might be a good idea to research exactly what films are available in which sizes and exactly what you get for your money.

First, here are the makes of films currently on retail sale in the UK.  These are either available in Lincoln's shops or available via the interweb.  For Interweb purchases, I find AG Photographic to be reasonably priced and fast.  These films are variously available in 35mm, 120, 127, 110 and APS.  Those last two are not very common but a few of the films described are offered in those two formats.

1 Agfa
2 Rollei
3 Kodax
4 Ilford
5 Kentmere
6 Fujifilm
7 Adox
8 Efke
9 Foma

Some of these names will be known to everyone (Kodak, surely!) and some will be known to older photographers (Adox) and some will be new to just about everyone.  I was surprised to find that there are nine different film makers selling their products in this country.  Each of these produces a range of films so the total number of films available is still quite large - digital might well be king, but analogue photography is far from being ready to lie down and die.

I shall now give a brief list of the range for each manufacturer followed by more details on each film.

1 Agfa - APX 100, APX 400, Vista colour negative, CTprecisa reversal, APS 200 star 200 and finally Scala 200x B&W reversal.

2 Rollei - RPX 100, 80s, RPX 400, 400s, Retro 100, Inra-red, ATP, colour reversal.

3 Kodak - T-Max, Tri-X, BW400CN, Porta negative, Ektar negative, Ektachrome reversal, Elite Chrome reversal.  With Kodak's current problems, this is likely to change rapidly.

4 Ilford - FP4, HP5, Delta 100, Delta 400, Delta 3200, Pan-F, XP2, SFX 200

5 Kentmere - 100, 400

6 Fujifilm - Neopan 100, 400, 1600, 400CN, Fujicolor Pro negative, Superia negative, Velvia reversal, Astia reversal, Provia reversal, and Polaroid-type instant film.

7 Adox - CHS 25, 50, 100, ART, CMS 20, PAN 400, Orthochrmatic, Pan 25.

8 Efke - IR film

9 Foma - 100 Classic, 200 Creative, 400 Action, Formapan reversal.

Agfa.


There are two companies called Agfa (American readers may think of a third - Ansco Afga, now defunct) making photographic film.  Consumer films are made by Agfaphoto and industrial films are made by Agfa Gevaert.  While Afga Gevaert retains the rights to the name 'Agfa', it has licensed the name to Agfaphoto, but not the use of the Agfa logo.

The Agfaphoto logo is








and the Agfa Gevaert logo is





Products from both Agfa companies are available to the retail market, but only Agfaphoto products carry the name 'Agfa'.  Agfa Gevaert products are only available as re-badged products - several Rollei films are re-badged Agfa Gevaert Aviphot films.

Agfaphoto became bankrupt shortly after buying the right to the Agfa name in 2004.  Agfaphoto products currently on the market are either the remains of the stock produced in 2004 or produced by Lupus Imaging and Media under license.

Lupus are currently selling:  Agfaphoto Vista 200 and 400 ISO colour film, CT precisa slide film, APS 200 star 200 film and APX 100 & APX 400 monochrome films - and also the idiosyncratic Scala 200x black and white reversal (slide) film.


Rollei

Rollei films are not made by Rollei (which is now just a marketing name) but are re-badged products from other firms - Agfa for sure and possibly others.   

Retro 100 is actually Afga APX 100 which is also marketed under that name by Agfaphoto (see above).  It is very cheap in the UK - £1.89 for a 36 exposure film if bought in a pack of ten and gives good results.  It is the film that I use the most.

Retro 400S is made by Agfa Gevaert as Agfa Aviphot PAN400S and is intended for aerial photography for mapping purposes.  It has near IR sensitivity which reduces haze in landscape photography - it also lightens the colour of foliage.  This is made on a synthetic base rather than acetate and so needs to be loaded and unloaded in very subdued light.  This is because the synthetic base act much like fibre optics fibres and will transmit light into the cassette and cause fogging around the sprocket holes.

ATP 1.1  This is an ISO 32 film - very slow indeed.  It produces very fine grain and controllable contrast.  It is sensitive from 379 nm to 820 nm (i.e. well into the infra-red).  It is placed on the market as a replacement for Kodak's Technical Pan.  It has a very thin emulsion - which means it will scan better than standard films will.  It requires the use of a special developer - ATP DC.

Superpan 200  This is re-badged Afga Gevaert Aviphot Pan200 PE1.  It is intended for technical, industrial and aerial photography.  It has near IR sensitivity as does the Retro 400 film and behaves in much the same way apart from having half the speed.

80S  Yet another re-badged Agfa Gevaert product - Aviphot Pan 80.  Slightly IR sensitive ( 340 nm to 775 nm) and is available in 120, 127 and 35 mm sizes.

Rollei also sell a number of colour films under the Crossbird label which are reversal films to be processed with the C41 process.  I assume you could also process these with the normal reversal chemistry.

Kodak 

While this is current as I write, it is likely to change quite quickly as Kodak try to save their business.  

Kodak split their films into a consumer range and a professional range.

The consumer range consists of three films - Ultramax 400 colour negative film, Color Plus colour negative film, Gold 100 or 200 colour negative film, BW400CN black and white chromogenic film.  There is no slide film in the consumer range.  The three colour negative films are run-of-the-mill colour negative films.  The BW400CN film is also sold in Kodak's professional range and more details are available below.

The professional range has four colour films and three black and white films .

Porta films are fine grained, normally saturated negative film in three speeds - ISO 160, 400, and 800.

Kodak claims that it produces natural skin tones and has extremely fine grain.

Ektar  films are also colour negative films and Kodak claims it is the world's finest grain colour negative film.  It has "ultra-vivid colour" which means it produces colours that are over saturated.

Ektachrome  100G or 100VS films are reversal (slide) films.  The "G" variety has normal colour saturation (best for portraits) and the "VS" variety has over saturated colour saturation (aimed at landscapes).

T-MAX 100, 400, 3200 films are black and white films - claimed by Kodak to be the world's sharpest ISO 400 film and the finest grained ISO 100 film.  These are standard monochrome chemistry and hard to get developed locally.

Tri-X film seems to be the only Kodak film to be available in 120 size as well as 35mm.  It is only available as ISO 400 film.

BW400CN is a chromogenic film (chromogenic means 'makes colours') that is developed in colour C41 colour film chemistry but produces a monochrome image. This means that most towns will have at least one shop that can develop it on-site and usually within an hour.

Chromogenic films have no grain in the accepted sense as the image is formed in a dye cloud.


Ilford Photo

Ilford has suffered the same fate as Agfa.  As film usage has dropped off the consumer division division has been sold off with the original company continuing to make professional films.

As Agfa's consumer division became Agfa Photo, Ilford's consumer division is now Ilford Photo.   Ilford Photo now belongs to Harman technology and seems to be in fine fettle.  They produce a range of ten films - one sold as Kentmere - all of which are monochrome films.  Some of these have a venerable heritage (FP4, HP5 have been around a long time) and others are newer.  If you want colour Ilford films, you can't.  Ilford used to produce colour films but no longer do.  (confusingly, both Ilford Photo and Ilford Imaging produce a range of papers called "Galerie".  In the case of Ilford Photo, these are silver halide papers and with Ilford Imaging they are inkjet papers.)

I shall present the films in the order that Ilford Photo do in their brochure.

Pan F plus  is a slow - ISO 50 - film with very fine grain.  Available as 35mm and 120.

FP4 is a standard medium speed - ISO 125 - tolerant film.  It is very hard to go wrong with FP4 and it is probably the classic monochrome film.  Available as 35mm, 120 and sheets.

HP5 is a fast - ISO 400 - film which is much grainier than the last two.  It is also available in 35mm, 120 and sheets.

Delta 100 & 400 The ISO 100 version is slightly slower than FP4 and both are made with modern crystal structures which gives finer grain than traditional cubic crystals do without sacrificing speed.  Also available in 35mm, 120 and sheets.

Delta 3200 uses the same technology as the above two Delta films but is very fast - ISO 3200.  Only available in 35mm and 120.

XP2 is a ISO 400 chromogenic film (analogous to Kodak’s BW400CN film) that needs to be developed in the colour C41 process.  It is available in 35mm and 120 formats.

SFX200 is a "creative" film which has some Infra red sensitivity (cf Rollei Retro 400). It is developed in standard black and white chemistry.

OrthoPlus  This is basically a very old fashioned film as it is not sensitive to red light.  It is intended for specialist applications but could be used for a very retro (pre WWII) look.  It only seems to be available in sheet film format.

Kentmere is available in ISO 100 and ISO 400 forms and is only available as 35MM.

Fujifilm

Fujifilm still have a good range of films available.  They produce colour negative, colour reversal and black and white films.  They split their films into consumer and professional films as seems to be the fashion these days.

Consumer films:
Superia colour negative film is available in speeds of ISO 200, 400, 800 and 1600.   They only produce this film is 35mm.

Professional films:


Fujicolor is a colour negative film available in three forms.

Superia reala is a ISO 100 film available in 35mm and 120.

Superia X-tra is a press film that is only available in 120 but in several speeds.

Pro is mainly aimed at portrait photographers.  The ISO 160 film is available in 35mm, 120, and sheet film formats and the ISO 400 film is available in 35mm and 120 formats.

Fuji also make FP100C instant colour film

Fujichrome is a colour reversal film in two forms.

Velvia has ultra-high saturation, intensely vivid colours, high contrast (in Fujifilm's own words) so is not particularly natural looking.  The designer of this film once claimed he wanted to make a film that reproduced skies like people remembered them when they came back from holiday.  It is available in 35mm, 120 and sheet film formats.

Provia is also claimed to give vivid colours but perhaps not to the same extent as the Velvia films.  Provia films are available in 35mm, 120 and sheet film formats.

Neopan is Fujifilm's monochrome offering.  It comes in three forms.

Neopan Acros is a very fine grain medium speed (ISO 100) film  It is available in 35mm and 120 formats.

Neopan 400 is a faster film (ISO 400) which is again available in two forms.  First, the conventional form which is only available in 35mm and secondly the chromogenic form Neopan 400CN which needs to be developed in the colour C41 chemistry.  This form is available in 35mm and 120 formats.

Neopan 1600 is a very fast film only available in 35mm.

Again, Fuji kasme black and white instant film - FP3000B

Adox

Note: As of late 2012, Adox currently cannot produce some of their films due to their manufacturer in Croatia  ceasing trading.  This affects the CHS films listed below.  I am retaining the listings for  the present in case Adox resume manufacture and I shall keep an eye on the situation - I shall update this post when there is something new to add.

This is a very old firm.  It was originally set up as Fotowerke in Germany making plates from about 1860.  They started making cameras as well from the early part of the twentieth century.  In 1952 they introduced their 35mm very fine grain film.

In 1962 Adox was sold to DuPont in the USA.  DuPont licensed the film technology, but not the Adox name, to Fotokemika in Yugoslavia where the films were (are!) made under the Efke brand name.

In 1999 the Adox brand was bought by Agfa so now Adox is a German company again.  However, Agfa never used the Adox name and in 2003 it was de-registered as a trademark by the German Patent Office.

The Adox name was now taken up by different companies in the USA, Canada and Germany.  None of the current Adox companies are related to the original German Adox company.

The films listed below are are made by ( or for) Adox Fotowerke GmbH, Bad Saarow, Germany.

Details on developing Adox films in various developers can be found at: http://www.digitaltruth.com/devchart.php?Film=Adox+CHS&Developer=&mdc=Search

 The Adox range is divided into a Premium Line and an Art Series.  First the Premium Line.

Premium Line consists of two films with a third film in progress.

CMS 20 is the world's finest grain film with the highest resolving power.  The resolving power of this film is stated as being 800 lines/mm which is better than most (all?) camera lenses can produce.  An example - good Canon lenses (the L series) will give around 350 lines/mm at f4.

CMS 20 needs a dedicated developer - Adotech - to work properly.

Pan 400 is a rework of Agfa's APX 400 with some small improvements.  There will be a Pan 100 film at some point, but not yet.

Art Series  These are the CHS films which are based on 1950s recipes - so very old fashioned.

Adox claims great tonal range and colour separation (its a black and white film!).  These films have a high silver content which gives richer grey scales.  The CHS in the name stands for Cubiccrystal Heterodispers Single-layer - just so you know.

Available film speeds are ASA 25, 50 and 100 (ok, should be ISO, not ASA, but if we are going to be retro . . .)

These films are coated onto a PET base so light piping can be a problem.  This is when the film base acts like an optic fibre and conducts light into the cassette or under the backing paper.  To counter this, always keep Adox cassettes and rolls in the black plastic containers they are supplied in (yes, 120 roll film from Adox is supplied in a black plastic container).

CHS 25 & 50 while this is a panchromatic film, it has a red end cut-off at 620nm so reds will come out darker than with a modern panchromatic film.  it is available as 35mm, 35 mm bulk, 120 and sheets.


CHS 100 II is more panchromatic than the ASA 25 and 50 films with a red end cut-off at around 620 nm.  This is also available as 35mm, 35mm bulk, 120 and sheets (with a wider range of sheet sizes than the ASA 25 and 50 forms).

Ortho 25 is an orthochromatic film and so not really sensitive to red light - red end cut-off is 610 nm.  This will produce a tonal range similar to that which was normal in the 1980s.  In portraits, lips and skin blemishes will be black.  In landscapes, brickwork will be darker.  This is available in 35mm, 120 and sheet.

110  Adox do not currently produce 110 film cartridges but are in the process of introducing it.  Adox say this will be a slow process and the 110 cartridges will be available towards the end of 2012 or later depending of income from other lines.


126 Until recently, Adox did produce 126 film cartridges but do not anymore.

Silvermax 100 has been recently introduced in 35mm only.

Adox  have also started making colour film. Their one offering sounds very strange - CVolour Implosion which 100 ISo and 35mm only and, according to Silverprint who retail it in the UK, "it has extra large grain, beautiful colours with bursting red and washed out blues and greens." In other words, it is a rubbish film!

Foma.

Foma is a Czech firm making four films - 100Classic, 200 Creative, 400 Action and R (reversal film. All are black and white films. 

Lomography.

Lomography are a recent addition to the world of film makers.  They are the only firm to make 110 cartridges.  Their range is currently:

Colour Tiger, Orca Black and white, Peacock - all in 110 cartridges - Earl Grey, Color Neg and Redscale (colour film) - all in 120 fcassettes - and Xpro 200 which is available in 35mm and 120.